Explore the Education Landscape in Your State

This map provides a snapshot of the education landscape in each state, demonstrating the need for high standards to ensure student success.

Wyoming

State Education Standards

Wyoming adopted the Wyoming Content and Performance Standards in 2012. The standards were implemented by the 2014-15 school year.

State Assessment

In 2015, students in grades 3-8 took the Proficiency Assessment for Wyoming Students (PAWS) in English language arts and math. An assessment task force is expected to give recommendations for future tests by October 2015.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Wyoming showed a 19-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 12-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 50% of students entering two-year programs required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 53% of Wyoming four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 24% of Wyoming students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 65% of jobs in Wyoming will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 34% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 31% skills gap.

Resources

Wisconsin

State Education Standards

Wisconsin adopted the Common Core Standards in 2010. They were fully implemented by the 2014-15 school year.

State Assessment

In the 2014-15 school year students took the Badger Exams, in grades 3-8 in English language arts and math. In 2015 the state formally withdrew from the Smarter Balanced consortium and is in the process of selecting a new vendor.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Wisconsin showed a five-point discrepancy between state reported scores and NAEP in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 38% of students entering two-year programs and 28% of those entering four-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 52% of Wisconsin four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 20% of Wisconsin students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 64% of jobs in Wisconsin will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 40% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 24% skills gap.

Resources

West Virginia

State Education Standards

West Virginia adopted The Next Generation Content Standards and Objectives in 2010. They were fully implemented by the 2014-15 school year. In 2015 the State Board of Education opened a public comment period on the standards to inform the State Board of Education of potential changes to the standards.

State Assessment

West Virginia is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced Consortium. In the 2014-15 school year students took the Smarter Balanced tests in English language arts and math.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, West Virginia showed a 15-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a four-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 70% of students entering two-year programs and 16% of those entering four-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 49% of West Virginia four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 10% of West Virginia students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 53% of jobs in West Virginia will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 28% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 25% skills gap.

Resources

Washington

State Education Standards

Washington adopted the Common Core Standards in 2011 and incorporated them into the Washington State K–12 Learning Standards. They were implemented by the 2014-15 school year.

State Assessment

Washington is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced Consortium. In the 2014-15 school year students took the Smarter Balanced tests in English language arts and math.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Washington showed a 15-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a seven-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

Not Available

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 70% of jobs in Washington will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 39% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 31% skills gap.

Resources

Virginia

State Education Standards

Virginia revised the math Standards of Learning in 2009 and the English language arts Standards of Learning in 2010 to reflect the skills students needed to be prepared for college and careers.

State Assessment

The SOL assessments were revised to reflect the updated standards. Students in grades 3-8 and select high school courses take these tests every spring.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Virginia showed a 34-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 36-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

Not Available

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 66% of jobs in Virginia will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 42% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 24% skills gap.

Resources

Vermont

State Education Standards

Vermont adopted the Common Core Standards in 2010. They were fully implemented by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Vermont is a governing member of Smarter Balanced Consortium. In the 2014-15 school year, students in grades 3−8 and 11 took these tests in English language arts and math.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Vermont showed a six-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading.

College Remediation Rates

Not Available

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 66% of jobs in Vermont will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 44% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 22% skills gap.

Resources

Utah

State Education Standards

Utah adopted the Common Core Standards in 2010 and integrated them into the Utah Core Standards. The standards were implemented by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Utah administers the Student Assessment of Growth and Excellence (SAGE). In the 2014-15 school year, students took the SAGE tests for the first time in math in grades 3-8 and in English language arts in grades 3-11.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Utah showed a two-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 38% of students entering two-year programs and 30% of those entering four-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 43% of Utah four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 28% of Utah students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 68% of jobs in Utah will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 38% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 30% skills gap.

Resources

Texas

State Education Standards

In 2008, Texas incorporated a set of college-and career- ready standards into the existing Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills.

State Assessment

Texas implemented a new testing program called the State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness in 2011. In 2015, Texas selected ETS to create a revised test.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Texas showed a 43-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 43-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 54% students entering two-year programs and 20% of those entering four-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 50% of Texas four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 9% of Texas students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 60% of jobs in Texas will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 31% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 29% skills gap.

Resources

Tennessee

State Education Standards

Tennessee adopted Tennessee’s State Standards in 2010. They were fully implemented by the 2013-14 school year. In 2015 legislation to review and replace the Tennessee State Standards was signed into law. The State Board of Education is undergoing a public comment and review process.

State Assessment

Students in grades 3-8 and select high school course have been taking the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program(TCAP) in English language arts and math. In 2014, the state adopted a new test aligned to the standards called the TN Ready which will be administered in the 2015-16 school year.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Tennessee showed a 12-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 25-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

Not Available

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 56% of jobs in Tennessee will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 31% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 25% skills gap.

Resources

South Dakota

State Education Standards

South Dakota adopted the Common Core Standards in 2010. They were implemented by the 2014-15 school year.

State Assessment

South Dakota is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced Consortium. In the 2014-15 school year, students in grades 3−8 and 11 took these tests in English language arts and math.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, South Dakota showed a 10-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a five-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2012, 27% of students entering the state university system required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 63% of jobs in South Dakota will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 44% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 19% skills gap.

Resources

South Carolina

State Education Standards

South Carolina adopted the Common Core Standards in 2010 and implemented them by the 2013-14 school year. In 2014, The South Carolina State Board of Education adopted new standards in English language arts and math. The revised standards are expected to be implemented by the 2015-16 school year.

State Assessment

In the 2014-15 school year, students in grades 3–8 took the ACT Aspire tests in math and English language arts.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2013-14 school year, South Carolina showed a 49-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 39-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

Not Available

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 60% of jobs in South Carolina will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 34% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 26% skills gap.

Resources

Rhode Island

State Education Standards

Rhode Island adopted the Rhode Island Common Core State Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Rhode Island is a member of the PARCC consortium. In the 2014-15 school year, students in grades 3−8 and 11 took these tests in English language arts and math.

Reading and Math Proficiency

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 16% of students entering four-year colleges and 74% of those entering two-year colleges needed a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 51% of Rhode Island four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 8% of Rhode Island students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 66% of jobs in Rhode Island will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 43% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 23% skills gap.

Resources

Pennsylvania

State Education Standards

Pennsylvania adopted the Pennsylvania Core Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Students in grades 3-8 take a revised Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) in reading and math, and high school students in select courses take the Keystone exams. Both the PSSA and Keystone exams are aligned to the Pennsylvania Core Standards.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Pennsylvania showed a 17-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading.

College Remediation Rates

Not Available

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 60% of jobs in Pennsylvania will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 43% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 17% skills gap.

Resources

Oregon

State Education Standards

Oregon adopted the Oregon Common Core State Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2014-15 school year.

State Assessment

Oregon is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced consortium. In the 2014-15 school year, students in grades 3−8 and 11 took these tests in math and English language arts.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Oregon showed a 15-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a nine-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 20% of students entering four-year colleges and 37% of those entering two-year colleges needed a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 45% of Oregon four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 17% of Oregon students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 67% of jobs in Oregon will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 36% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 31% skills gap.

Resources

Oklahoma

State Education Standards

Oklahoma adopted the Common Core State Standards in 2010, but repealed them in 2014. They were replaced with the previous standards known as the “Priority Academic Student Skills.

State Assessment

The Oklahoma Core Curriculum Test (OCCT) is administered to students in grades 3–8 in English and math every spring. In high school, students in select English, math, science, and social studies courses are tested.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Oklahoma showed a 37-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 30-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 48% of students entering four-year colleges and 61% of those entering two-year colleges needed a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 34% of Oklahoma four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 11% of Oklahoma students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 59% of jobs in Oklahoma will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 30% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 29% skills gap.

Resources

Ohio

State Education Standards

Ohio adopted Ohio’s New Learning Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented in all schools in the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

In the 2014-15 school year students took the PARCC test in English language arts and math. In 2015, the General Assembly withdrew the state from PARCC and selected the American Institutes for Research as the new vendor to develop tests for the 2015-16 school year.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Ohio showed a 48-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 45-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 34% of students entering four-year colleges and 65% of those entering two-year colleges needed a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, 57% of Ohio four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 10% of Ohio students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 59% of jobs in Ohio will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 36% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 23% skills gap.

Resources

North Dakota

State Education Standards

North Dakota adopted the North Dakota Common Core State Standards in 2011. They were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

North Dakota is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced consortium. In the 2014-15 school year, students in grades 3−8 and 11 took these tests in English language arts and math.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, North Dakota showed a 38-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 27-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 26% of students entering state universities required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 69% of jobs in North Dakota will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 50% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 19% skills gap.

Resources

North Carolina

State Education Standards

North Carolina adopted the Standard Course of Study in 2010. They were implemented in all schools by the 2012-13 school year. The North Carolina State Board of Education convened a taskforce to make recommendations for revisions to the standards. Recommendations are expected by December 2015.

State Assessment

In 2015, the State Board of Education approved the recommendations from the Task Force on Summative Assessment to select a new test. In the 2014-15 school year, students in grades 3-8 took the North Carolina End of Grade tests and students in secondary education took the End of Course exam for select subjects.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, North Carolina showed a 20-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a ten-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2012, 63% of students entering the state community college system required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 63% of jobs in North Carolina will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 36% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 27% skills gap.

Resources

New York

State Education Standards

New York adopted the New York State P-12 Common Core Learning Standards in 2010. They were fully implemented in schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Since 2012, students have been taking revised New York State Regents exams that follow the PARCC model framework and are part of the New York State Testing Program (NYSTP). The Board of Regents has not yet determined if they will administer the PARCC assessments in the future.

Reading and Math Proficiency

New York is the only state to report a smaller percentage of proficiency than NAEP for both fourth-grade reading and eighth-grade math – earning the state the highest rank on Achieve’s “Top Truth Tellers” list.

College Remediation Rates

In 2012, 27% of students entering the state university system required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 67% of jobs in New York will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 48% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 19% skills gap.

Resources

New Mexico

State Education Standards

New Mexico adopted the New Mexico Common Core State Standards in 2010. They were fully implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

New Mexico is a member of the PARCC consortium. In the 2014-15 school year students in grades 3-8 and 11 took these tests in math and English language arts.

Reading and Math Proficiency

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 46% of students entering four-year colleges and 64% of students entering two-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 28% of New Mexico four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 61% of jobs in New Mexico will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 29% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 32% skills gap.

Resources

New Jersey

State Education Standards

New Jersey adopted the Common Core State Standards in 2010. They were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year. In 2015, the New Jersey Department of Education formed a committee to review the standards and make recommendations for improvement in December 2015.

State Assessment

New Jersey is a member of the PARCC consortium. In the 2014-15 school year students in grades 3-8 and 11 took these tests in math and English language arts.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, New Jersey showed an eight-point discrepancy between state-reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading.

College Remediation Rates

Not Available

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 66% of jobs in New Jersey will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 46% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 20% skills gap.

Resources

New Hampshire

State Education Standards

New Hampshire adopted the New Hampshire College and Career Ready Standards in 2010. They were implemented in all schools by the 2014-15 school year.

State Assessment

New Hampshire is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced consortium. In spring 2015, students in grades 3-8 and 11 took these tests in math and English language arts.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, New Hampshire demonstrated a 10-point discrepancy between state-reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading.

College Remediation Rates

Not Available

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 67% of jobs in New Hampshire will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 46% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 21% skills gap.

Resources

Nevada

State Education Standards

Nevada adopted the Nevada Academic Content Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Nevada is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced consortium. In the 2014-15 school year, students in grades 3-8 and select high school courses took the Criterion Referenced Tests which incorporate the smarter balanced tests in English language arts and math. Due to technical difficulties, about 30% of students statewide completed the test. The state will continue to give the smarter balanced tests, but is in the process of selecting a new vendor.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Nevada showed a 13-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 48% of students entering four-year colleges and 38% of students entering two-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, 39% of Nevada four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 9% of Nevada students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 58% of jobs in Nevada will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 28% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 30% skills gap.

Resources

Nebraska

State Education Standards

In 2014 Nebraska revised the English language arts standards to focus on the skills students need to be prepared for college and careers. Nebraska will revise the math standards in October 2015.

State Assessment

The Nebraska State Accountability Test (NeSA) is administered to students in grades 3–8 and 11 every spring in reading and math. A writing test is also given to students in grades 4, 8, and 11 in the winter.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Nebraska showed a 38-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 28-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

Not Available

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 66% of jobs in Nebraska will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 44% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 22% skills gap.

Resources

Missouri

State Education Standards

Missouri adopted the Missouri Learning Standards in 2010. They were implemented in all schools by the 2014-15 school year.

State Assessment

Missouri was originally a member of the Smarter Balanced consortium, but withdrew in 2015. In the 2014-15 school year, students in grades 3-8 and secondary courses in English and math took the Smarter Balanced tests, as part of the Missouri Assessment Program (MAP). The state is developing new MAP tests in English and math to be administered in 2016.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Missouri showed a 23-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 37% of students entering four-year colleges and 63% of students entering two-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 42% of Missouri four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 17% of Missouri students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 60% of jobs in Missouri will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 37% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 23% skills gap.

Resources

Mississippi

State Education Standards

Mississippi adopted the Mississippi College-and Career-Readiness Standards in 2010. They were fully implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

In the 2014-15 school year students in grades 3-8 and select high school courses took the PARCC tests in English language arts and math. In 2015, the State Board of Education withdrew Mississippi from the PARCC consortium and later selected Questar, Inc. to create a new state test that will be administered beginning spring 2016.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Mississippi showed a 31-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 45-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 27% of students entering four-year colleges and 41% of students entering two-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 31% of Mississippi four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 22% of Mississippi students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 57% of jobs in Mississippi will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 32% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 25% skills gap.

Resources

Minnesota

State Education Standards

Minnesota revised the K-12 Academic Standards in 2007 to reflect the skills students need to be prepared for college and careers. In 2010, the state revised the K-12 Academic Standards in English language arts to include the Common Core State Standards.

State Assessment

Minnesota administers state-specific assessments known as the Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments (MCA). Students in grades 3–8 take MCAs every spring in math and English language arts while students in high school take a reading test in grade 10 and a math test in grade 11.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Minnesota showed a 19-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 10-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2014, 28% of students entering college required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 70% of jobs in Minnesota will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 48% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 22% skills gap.

Resources

Michigan

State Education Standards

Michigan adopted the Michigan Common Core State Standards in 2010. They were fully implemented in all schools by the 2012-13 school year.

State Assessment

Michigan is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced consortium. In spring 2015, students in grades 3-8 took the Michigan Student Test of Education Progress (M-STEP) in English and math. This test uses a combination of Smarter Balanced test items along with Michigan-developed field test items.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Michigan showed an 18-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a three-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 27% of students entering college required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 65% of jobs in Michigan will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 36% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 29% skills gap. Higher standards are essential to helping close this gap.

Resources

Massachusetts

State Education Standards

Massachusetts adopted the Massachusetts Curriculum Framework for English language arts, literacy, and mathematics in 2010. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Massachusetts is a member of the PARCC consortium. For the 2014-15 school year, school districts were given the option to administer the PARCC test or the (previous) Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System to students in grades 3-8 and select high school courses in English language arts and math. In fall 2015, the Massachusetts Board of Elementary and Secondary Education will vote on whether to adopt the PARCC assessments for the 2015-16 school year for all schools.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Massachusetts had a seven-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading and a two-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 30% of students entering four-year colleges and 63% of students entering two-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 54% of Massachusetts four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 14% of Massachusetts students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 70% of jobs in Massachusetts will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 53% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 17% skills gap.

Resources

Maryland

State Education Standards

Maryland adopted College and Career Ready Standards in 2010. They were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Maryland is a member of the PARCC consortium. Students in grades 3–8 and select high school courses took these tests in the 2014-15 school year.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Maryland showed a 49-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 24-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 35% of students entering four-year colleges and 63% of students entering two-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 64% of Maryland four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 13% of Maryland students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 67% of jobs in Maryland will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 45% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 22% skills gap.

Resources

Maine

State Education Standards

Maine adopted the Maine Learning Results in 2011. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

In the 2014-15 school year students took the Smarter Balanced exam. However, Maine withdrew from the Smarter Balanced consortium in July 2015. The state is in the process of identifying a new assessment for the 2015-16 school year.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Maine showed an 11-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 11% of students entering the state university system and 46% of students entering community college required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 62% of jobs in Maine will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 36% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 26% skills gap. Higher standards are essential to helping close this gap.

Resources

Louisiana

State Education Standards

Louisiana adopted the Common Core State Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year. In 2015 the Louisiana Board of Elementary and Secondary Education began a process to review and revise the standards.

State Assessment

In spring of 2015, students in grades 3-8 took the PARCC exams in English language arts and math. In 2015, legislation was passed requiring that PARCC questions can make up no more than 49.9% of the state end of year test moving forward.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Louisiana showed an 11-point discrepancy between state-reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 14-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 31% of students entering four-year colleges and 71% of students entering two-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 39% of Louisiana four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 7% of Louisiana students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 53% of jobs in Louisiana will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 28% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 25% skills gap.

Resources

Kentucky

State Education Standards

Kentucky adopted the Kentucky Core Academic Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2012-13 school year.

State Assessment

Kentucky developed the Kentucky Performance Rating for Educational Progress (K-PREP). Students began taking the K-PREP in grades 3–8 in English language arts and math in 2012.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Kentucky showed an 12-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 16-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 43% of students entering four-year colleges and 45% of students entering two-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 45% of Kentucky four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 10% of Kentucky students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 57% of jobs in Kentucky will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 32% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 25% skills gap.

Resources

Kansas

State Education Standards

Kansas adopted the Kansas College and Career Ready Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

In 2013 the state commissioned the University of Kansas to develop the Kansas Assessment Program (KAP) which is aligned to the new standards. Students in grades 3-8 and 10 took the KAP in English language arts language arts and math in spring 2015.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Kansas showed a 50-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 44-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math. *Kansas state proficiency data for 2013-14 school year is unavailable due to concerns of validity, as a result the Kansas State Board of Education did not release results for the 2014 state assessment.

College Remediation Rates

In 2012, 30% of students entering the state system of higher education required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 66% of jobs in Kansas will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 41% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 25% skills gap.

Resources

Iowa

State Education Standards

Iowa adopted the Iowa Core Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented by the 2012-13 school year.

State Assessment

In the 2014-15 school year students in grades 3-8 and 11 took a revised Iowa Assessments that were aligned to the Iowa Core. Currently the Iowa Assessment Task Force recommended the state adopt the Smarter Balanced tests and administer them in the 2016 school year. However, no final decision has been made yet.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Iowa showed a 39-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 40-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

Not Available

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 64% of jobs in Iowa will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 46% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 18% skills gap.

Resources

Illinois

State Education Standards

Illinois adopted the new Illinois Learning Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Illinois is a governing member of PARCC. In the 2014-15 school year, students in grades 3−8 and selected high school courses took these tests in English language arts and math.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Illinois showed a 22-point discrepancy between state-reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 28-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 50% of students entering two-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 11% of Illinois four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 63% of Illinois students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 67% of jobs in Illinois will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 43% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 24% skills gap.

Resources

Indiana

State Education Standards

Indiana adopted the Indiana Academic Standards in 2014. These standards were implemented in schools for the 2014-2015 school year.

State Assessment

In spring 2015, students in grades 3-8 and selected high school courses took a revised Indiana Statewide Testing for Education Progress (ISTEP+) in English language arts and math. Newly developed aligned tests will be implemented beginning in 2016.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Indiana showed a 46-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 42-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 24% of students entering four-year colleges and 75% of students entering two-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 39% of Indiana four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 14% of Indiana students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 58% of jobs in Indiana will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 36% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 22% skills gap.

Resources

Idaho

State Education Standards

Idaho adopted the Idaho Core Standards in 2011. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Idaho is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced consortium. In the 2014-15 school year, students in grades 3−8 and 11 took these tests in English language arts and math.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Idaho showed a 54-point discrepancy between state-reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 46-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math. *Idaho piloted the Smarter Balanced field test in the 2013-14 school year and did not report state-level proficiencies that year.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 20% of students entering four-year colleges and 52% of students entering two-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 37% of Idaho four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 18% of Idaho students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 63% of jobs in Idaho will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 34% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 29% skills gap.

Resources

Hawaii

State Education Standards

Hawaii adopted the Hawaii Common Core Standards in 2010. They were implemented by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Hawaii is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium. In the 2014-15 school year, students in grades 3−8 and 11 took these tests in English language arts and math.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Hawaii showed a 19-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a nine-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 10% of students entering four-year colleges and 69% of those entering two-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 42% of Hawaii four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 14% of Hawaii students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 68% of jobs in Hawaii will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 41% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 27% skills gap.

Resources

Georgia

State Education Standards

Georgia adopted the Common Core Georgia Performance Standards In 2010. They were implemented by the 2014-15 school year.

State Assessment

In the 2014-15 school year, Georgia students took the Georgia Milestones Assessment System which assesses reading and math in grades 3-8 and select courses in high school.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Georgia showed no discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 9-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 28% of students entering four-year colleges and 50% of those entering two-year colleges required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 49% of Georgia four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 11% of Georgia students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 61% of jobs in Georgia will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 34% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 27% skills gap.

Resources

Florida

State Education Standards

Florida adopted a revised set of standards, known as the Mathematics Florida Standards and Language Arts Florida Standards, in 2014. They were implemented by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

In the 2013-2014 school year, students took the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test 2.0 exam. In the 2014-15 school year, students took the Florida Standards Assessments in English language arts and math which replaced the Florida replaced the FCAT 2.0 exam.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Florida showed a 22-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 21-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 55% of Florida students entering two-year programs required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 13% of Florida students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 63% of jobs in Florida will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 35% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 28% skills gap.

Resources

District of Columbia

State Education Standards

The District of Columbia adopted the Common Core State Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

The District of Columbia is a member of the PARCC consortium. Students in grades 3-8 and high school took these tests for the first time in English language arts and math in the 2014-15 school year.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, the District of Columbia showed a 23-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 46-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

Not Available

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

Not Available

Resources

Delaware

State Education Standards

Delaware adopted the Common Core State Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Delaware is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced consortium. Students in grades 3−8 and 11 took these tests for the first time English language arts and math in the 2014-15 school year.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Delaware showed a 17-point discrepancy between state-reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a five-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

Not Available

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 61% of jobs in Delaware will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 36% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 25% skills gap.

Resources

Connecticut

State Education Standards

Connecticut adopted the Connecticut Core Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Connecticut is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced consortium. Students in grades 3−8 and 11 took these tests for the first time in the 2014-15 school year.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Connecticut showed a 12-point discrepancy between state-reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a one-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math. *Connecticut piloted the Smarter Balanced Exam for all students and did not report proficiency data for 2013-2014 school year.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 25% of Connecticut students entering four-year colleges and 71% of those entering two-year programs required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 43% of Connecticut four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 10% of Connecticut students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 67% of jobs in Connecticut will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 46% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 21% skills gap.

Resources

Colorado

State Education Standards

Colorado incorporated the Common Core State Standards into the Colorado Academic Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Colorado is a member of the PARCC consortium. Students took these tests, which are incorporated into the Colorado Measures of Academic Success, in grades 3-8 and high school for the first time in the 2014-15 school year.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Colorado showed a three-point discrepancy between state-reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 30% of Colorado students entering four-year colleges and 51% of those entering two-year programs required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 26% of Colorado four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 12% of Colorado students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 70% of jobs in Colorado will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 41% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 29% skills gap.

Resources

California

State Education Standards

California adopted the Common Core State Standards in 2010. They were fully implemented by the 2014-15 school year.

State Assessment

California is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced consortium. Students in grades 3−8 and 11 took these tests for the first time in the 2014-15 school year.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, California showed a 12-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a six-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math. California piloted the Smarter Balanced Exam for all students and did not report proficiency data for 2013-2014 school year.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 30% of California students entering the state university system required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

Not Available

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 67% of jobs in California will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 36% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 31% skills gap.

Resources

Arkansas

State Education Standards

Arkansas adopted the Common Core State Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

In the 2014-15 school year, Arkansas students took the PARCC assessments in grades 3-8 and 11. In 2015 the Arkansas State Board of Education adopted the ACT Aspire for English language arts and Math in grades 3-8 which will replace the PARCC assessment for the 2015-16 school year.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Arkansas showed a 51-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 39-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 46% of Arkansas students entering four-year colleges and 65% of those entering two-year programs required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 58% of Arkansas four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

According to 2013 data, only 14% of Arkansas students at two-year colleges graduated within three years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 54% of jobs in Arkansas will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 26% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 28% skills gap. Higher standards are essential to helping close this gap.

Resources

Arizona

State Education Standards

Arizona adopted Arizona’s College and Career Ready Standards in 2010. The standards were implemented by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

In the 2014-15 school year, Arizona students took the Arizona’s Measurement of Educational Readiness to Inform Teaching (AzMERIT). The AzMERIT is given to students in third grade through high school in reading, writing, and math.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Arizona showed a 46-point discrepancy between state-reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 24-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2012, 59% of Arizona students attending a 2-year school required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

Not Available.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 64% of jobs in Arizona will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 31% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 33% skills gap.

Resources

Alaska

State Education Standards

Alaska adopted the Alaska English language arts and mathematics standards in 2012.

State Assessment

In the 2014-15 school year, students took the Alaska Measures of Progress in grades 3-10. These tests are aligned to their new standards and were developed by the University of Kansas.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Alaska showed a 48-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 36-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2012, 46% of Alaska students entering the University of Alaska required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

Not Available.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 62% of jobs in Alaska will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 30% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 32% skills gap.

Resources

Alabama

State Education Standards

Alabama adopted the Alabama College and Career Ready Standards in 2010. By the 2013-14 school year, they were fully implemented.

State Assessment

Alabama adopted the ACT Aspire in grades 3-8, Algebra I and English language arts 10 in 2013. These tests are aligned to their standards.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2013-14 school year, Alabama showed a seven-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a nine-point discrepancy in eight-grade math.

College Remediation Rates

In 2013, 32% of Alabama students in all public state universities required a remedial course.

College Completion Rates

According to 2013 data, only 50% of Alabama four-year bachelor seeking college students graduated within six years.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 58% of jobs in Alabama will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 32% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 26% skills gap.

Resources

Illinois

State Education Standards

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State Assessment

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Reading and Math Proficiency

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College Remediation Rates

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Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

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Montana

State Education Standards

Montana adopted the Montana English language arts and mathematics standards in 2011. They were implemented in all schools by the 2013-14 school year.

State Assessment

Montana is a governing member of the Smarter Balanced consortium. In the 2014-15 school year, students in grades 3–8 and 11 took the Montana Smarter Assessments in English language arts and math.

Reading and Math Proficiency

For the 2014-15 school year, Montana showed a 45-point discrepancy between state reported proficiency scores and NAEP in fourth-grade reading, and a 24-point discrepancy in eighth-grade math. *Montana piloted the Smarter Balanced assessments during the 2013-2014 school year and did not report state-level proficiencies that year.

College Remediation Rates

No Information Available.

College Completion Rates

No Information Available.

Skills Gap on Postsecondary Education

By 2020, 63% of jobs in Montana will require a postsecondary credential. However, only 36% of adults in the state currently have this credential, resulting in a 27% skills gap.

Resources

Your State

Your State

This map provides a snapshot of the education landscape in each state, demonstrating the need for high standards to ensure student success.

Stay informed on education standards in your state.

Stay informed on education standards in your state.

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Copyright © 2015

US Chamber of Commerce Foundation

All Rights Reserved

Copyright © 2015

US Chamber of Commerce Foundation

All Rights Reserved